Study of the book of Ruth
Brief Summary: The setting for the Book of Ruth begins in the heathen country of Moab, a region northeast of the Dead Sea, but then moves to Bethlehem. This true account takes place during the dismal days of failure and rebellion of the Israelites, called the period of the Judges. A famine forces Elimelech and his wife, Naomi, from their Israelite home to the country of Moab. Elimelech dies and Naomi is left with her 2 sons, who soon marry 2 Moabite girls, Orpah and Ruth. Later both of the sons die, and Naomi is left alone with Orpah and Ruth in a strange land.
Orpah returns to her parents, but Ruth determines to stay with Naomi as they journey to Bethlehem. This story of love and devotion tells of Ruth’s eventual marriage to a wealthy man named Boaz, by whom she bears a son, Obed, who becomes the grandfather of David and the ancestor of Jesus. Obedience brings Ruth into the privileged lineage of Christ.
Interesting Facts About Ruth
MEANING: Hebrew meaning “Friendship” or “Association”
AUTHOR: Authorship uncertain
TIME WRITTEN: Uncertain
POSITION IN THE BIBLE:
- 8th Book in the Bible
- 8th Book in the Old Testament
- 3rd of 12 books of History (Joshua – Esther)
- 58 Books to follow it.
OBSERVATIONS ABOUT RUTH:
- Ruth is a story of love, devotion, and redemption set in the days of the Judges.
- Basically, it is the story of a Moabite woman who forsakes her pagan heritage in order to cling to the people of Israel, Because of her faithfulness in a time of national unfaithfulness, God rewards her by giving her a new husband (Boaz), a son of Obed, and a privileges position in the lineage of David and Christ.
- Ruth is the great grandmother of David.
- Boaz brings a Moabite woman into the family line of David and eventually of Christ.
- The Book of Ruth is divided into four distinct settings.
- 1st setting: The country of Moab. Ruth 1:1-18
- 2nd setting: A field in Bethlehem. Ruth 1:19 – 2:23
- 3rd setting: A threshing floor in Bethlehem. Ruth 3:1-18
- 4th setting: The city of Behtlehem. Ruth 4:1-22
- Ruth is a virtuous woman. Ruth 3:11
- Love is demonstrated in chapters 1 & 2 and rewarded in chapters 3 & 4
- Means “One who redeems.”
- Appears 13 times in the Book of Ruth.
- By buying back the land of Naomi, as well as marrying Ruth and fathering a son to keep the family line alive, Boaz acts as a redeemer.
- Leviticus 25:25-34
- Deuteronomy 25:5-10
- In 22 short verses, Ruth moves from widowhood and poverty to marriage and wealth.
- Orpah chooses to leave Naomi and is never mentioned again in the Bible.
- The meaning of names in the Book of Ruth.
- Elimelech – “My God is King”
- Ruth – “Friendship
- Naomi – “Pleasant”
- Orpah – “Stubbornness”
- Mara – “Bitter”
- Boaz – “In His strength”
- Mahlon – “Sick”
- Bethlehem – “House of Bread”
- Chilon – “Pining”
- Ruth’s vow. Ruth 1:16-17
“But Ruth said: ‘Entreat me not to leave you, Or to turn back from following after you; For wherever you go, I will go; And wherever you lodge, I will lodge; Your people shall be my people, And your God, my God. Where you die, I will die, And there will I be buried. The LORD do so to me, and more also, If any thing but death parts